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Both these articles were printed and distributed on a small scale to the KSI communities in 1993. It was very well received. Some members in Mombasa called a special meeting to discuss the list and interest was renewed of collecting old Gujrati books and restoring those damaged. Recently more request flashed in from Daressalaam, Toronto as well as members of EACircle showed interest to see the list of "Ithna-Asheri Jaher Thaya" and to read the article "A Federation That Was Still Born".
Therefore, I dedicate this small effort to all my contemporaries and friends who value history. Enjoy it and happy reading.
"Ithnasheri Jaher Thaya"
some 72 years ago
by U.K. Bhai Peera, Chino Hills, California
The following notice appeared in Mumbai Samachar August 9, 1926. Haji Naji, Rahmutullahi Alaih, of Rah-e-Najaat reprinted the list on 1st Rabi-Thani, 1345. Copy of original document in Gujrati is available at a cost of five dollars.
We, the undersigned notify that at our own accord we have resigned from Khoja Shia Ismaili (Agakhani) Jamaat and have accepted Shia Ithna-Asheri faith preached and followed by our great grandfathers.
1. Jafferbhai Bandali
2. Chaganbhai Najarali
3. Meherali Kassam Manji Rangoonwala
4. Mohamedali Gulamhussein Gowa
5. Hassan Alibhai Nasser
6. Nazaralibhai Kara Moti
7. Karimbhai Hassam Dharsi
8. Sheralibhai Bandali Hassam
9. Gulamhusseibhai Nanji Jiwa
10. Fajalbhai Janmohamed Merali
11. Dhanjibhai Karim Hameer
12. Hassanalibhai Noormohamed Karim
13. Alimamadbhai Manji Karim
14. Kassambhai Versi Nensi
15. Peerabhai Champsibhai
16. Walimohamedbhai Nanji Khoda
17. Mohamedali Haji Hassam Haji Dhala
18. Bachubhai Khanmohamed Remtalla
19. Kermalibhai Dostmohamed Hassam
20. Alibhai Ibram Merali
21. Husseinalibhai Bhimji Hassam
22. Fejlabhai Gangji Mawji
23. Yusufalibhai Kermalli Remtalla
24. Gulamhusseinbhai Salehmohamed -
- Rahemtulla Kassam Chatoo
25. Weljibhai Alana Walji
26. Ladhabhai Hasambhai Karim
27. Banda-Alibhai Haji Jivraj Megji
28. Dr. Mohamedalibhai Ebrahim Kanji
29. Gulamalibhai Karim Jaffer
30. Alibhai Suleman Megji Jamal
31. Gulalibhai Dungersi Virji
32. Rahimbhai Maganbhai Motibhai
33. Waljibhai Alarakhia Rahim
34. Abdulhusseinbhai Gulamhussein Bhimji
35. Kassambhai Bhimji Manji
36. Jafferbahi Ganda Pola
37. Jafferbhai Rahimbhai
38. Mohamedbhai Wali Dharsi
39. Sabjali Virjibhai Ramji
40. Gulamhussein Ebrahim Janmohamed Chinai
41. Gulamhussein Mulla Abdalla Saleh
42. Gulamali Abdalla Sharif
43. Janmohamedbhai Datoobhai Khakoo
44. Abdullabhai Babulbhai
45. Abdulhussein Normohamed Wajir
46. Kassamalibhai Abdalla Sharif
47. Mohamedbhai Sachedina Kalyan
48. Gulamhusseinbhai Haji Jivraj
49. Aladinbhai Mamad Gulamhussein
50. Dawoodbhai Suleman Talbaani
51. Gulamhusseinbhai Ladak Rahim
52. Alibhai Khimji Mamad
53. Abdulrasul Tarmamd Haji Padamsi
54. Walimamad Ladha Lakhani
55. Fakirmamdbhai Ebrahim Manji
56. Jerajbhai Sivji Damji
57. Jivrajbhai Datoo Merali
58. Gulamhusseinbhai Kanji Ravji
59. Hassanalibhai Jaffer Karim
60. Alimamadbhai Hassanali Kassam
61. Najaralibhai Lavji Lalji
62. Issabhai Alimamad Megji Gangji
63. Abdulhusseinbhai Mamad Jessa
64. Salehmamadbhai Lalji Dhanji
65. Ahmedbhai Nathoobhai Mamand
66. Sheralibhai Saburbhai Premji
67. Gulamhusseinbhai Ismal Kalyan
68. Mohamedbhai Haji Abdalla Hassam
69. Sulemanbhai Karim Walji
70. Haji Mohamedhussein Rajabali Kanji Mukhi
71. Pirbhai Daya Dharamsi
72. Dhanjibhai Alibhai Kasam Hemani
73. Mohamedalibhai Gulamhussein Kanji
74. Walimamdbhai Samji Dewji
75. Sulemanbhai Noormamad Jina
76. Haiderali Gulamhussein Bandali Ibrahim
77. Samjibhai Walji Dewji
78. Gulamhusseinbhai Jaffer Dewji
79. Jafferalibhai Pirbhai Mitha
80. Gulamhusseinbhai Ismal Alloo
81. Sheth Aladinbhai Remtalla Janmamad
82. Alibhai Pitambar
83. Mohamedalibhai Murji
84 Nasserbhai Khamisa Mamad Bhagat
85. Rajabali Kasam Hasam
86. Kassamalibhai Manji Karim Chaiwara
87. Ahmedbhai Ibrahim
88. Meralibhai Sajan
89. Abdulrahimbhai Mawji Alarakhia
90. Meralibhai Poladama
91. Yusufalibhai Moledinabhai Lalji
92. Abdulhusseinbhai Nanji Janoobhai
93. Ahmedbhai Ibrahim Nathoo
94. Mohamedalibhai Babul Kanji
95. Fidahusseinbhai Babul Kurji
96. Mohamedbhai Ladha Ranmal
97. Gulamhusseinbhai Kassam Nathoo
98. Mohamedalibhai Pardhan Manji
99. Rajabalibhai Kermali Premji
100 Mohamedalibhai Kermali Premji
101 Kurjibhai Punja Jassa
102 Sultanalibhai Ismail Janmohamed
103 Amadbhai Kassam Hemani
104 Sharifbhai Chagan
105 Walimamdbhai Anandji Visram
106 Fajalbhai Poladama
107 Akberalibhai Remtalla Kheraj
108 Najaralibhai Walji Hemraj
109 Virjibhai Walji Jiwa
110 Gulamhussein Suleman Mamad Samji
111 Meheralibhai Moosa Rangoonwala
112 Fajalbhai Samji Megji
113 Mohamedalibhai Manji Samji
114 Walimamdbhai Jusabali Nanji
115 Ibrahimbhai Walji Ladha
116 Ibrahimbhai Salehmamd Kassam Nanji
117 Husseinbhai Mamad Walji
118 Remtallabha Giga Walji
119 Gulamalibha Remtalla Rawji
120 Mohamedali Habib Alarakhia Nanji
121 Husseinalibhai Karim Jina
122 Husseinalibhai Khanmamad Mawji
123 Salehmamadbhai Kasam Nanji
124 Akberalibhai Abdalla Datoo
125 Gulamhussein Moledina Karamsi
126 Karimbhai Hasam Dharsi
127 Abdallabhai Remtalla Ladha Janmamad
128 Raza Hussein Gulamhussein Mulji
129 Kassamalibhai Virji Gangji
130 Aladinbhai Megji Gangji
131 Alibhai Mamad Wela Suratwala
132 Gulamalibhai Ladha Manji Ramji
133 Meherali Anandji Manji
134 Rashidbhai Bandali Versi
135 Aladinbhai Shamji Dharamsi
136 Mamadbhai Jassa
137 Roshanali Sherali Kermali Nanjiani
139 Moosabhai Jaffer Mamad Mistri
140 Gulamhussein Kassamali Damji
141 Haji Manjibhai Haji
142 Hassanbhai Fajal Pardhan
143 Alimamadbhai Moledina Walji
144 Dawoodbhai Gulamhussein Banatwara
145 Dostmohamed Remtulla Khalkdina
146 Fajalbhai Premji Jaffer
147 Kermallibhai Kasam Sivji
148 Haji Mamadbhai Kermali Remtalla
149 Kasambhai Adambhai
(bakeena hawe pachi*) Mumbai Samachar 08.09.1926.
*The balance of the list was never printed by Haji Naji, why? we have no idea.
A Federation That Was Still Born
by Abbas S. Alloo Rahmatullahi Alaih
1940 Zanzibar - 1993 Toronto
Historical review of the the first ever Khoja Shia Ithnasheri Conference held in Kutch Mundra, 7th-9th November, 1933.
Since severing the umbilical cord with the main stream Agha Khani Khojas which propounded Nizari Ismaili faith, the new splinter group Khoja Shia Ithnasheries in India were busily engaged in several fronts to identify, consolidate, and strengthen the infant community. The rivarly and confrontation between original and splinter group was rampant, occasionally violent and very often showed its ugly head in social mercantile activities of both the communities.
The first pressing task of the leader of the Khoja Shia Ithna Asheri community was to establish and widen network of Jamaats and with it Shia mosques, imambadas, and madressas had to be acquired or built. To an acceptable degree this was achieved between 1880 and 1933. While the leadership was still addressing the internal need of the Community on the outer periphery the Indian Congress and Mahatma Gandhi had raised the banner of full independence and the fever for Swaraj swept across the land. Europe and America was on the threshold of the great depression to last until outbreak of World War Two. Nazis were in control of Germany, Hitlerism was in the ascendancy. European leadership was apprehensive of the gathering storm and impending threat of a great war which was to plunge Europe and Japan into devastation previously unknown to mankind.
Under this climate the Khoja Shia Ithna-Asheri community of India labored with a dream. A dream to establish a federation that would unite the community. Kutchi merchants were in the forefront of mercantile activities in Bombay, Burma, Japan and Africa. Among them the most active and benevolent was Seth Dawood Haji Nasser Mawji.
Below we reproduce translation of the abbreviated report of the Kutch Khoja Shia Ithna-Asheri Conference as reported by Haji Ladhabhai Valli who was the Chairman of the Conference Reception Committee and reprinted by Rah-e-Najaat, Be-Ghadi Moj Press and Mohib-e-Do-Jahaan. Photocopy of the original and historic copy of the sixteen page report in Gujrati is available from Ukera K. Peera.
All Khoja Shia Ithna-Asheri Conference was held in Kutch Mundra on 7th-9th November, 1933 (Hijri Rajab 1352 - Kartak Savant 1990) under the Chairmanship of the leading merchant, Seth Haji Dawoodbhai Nasser Mawji who was renowned for his business with Japan, Africa and India.
Fifty two delegates from fourteen centers of Kutch and four invited guests participated. The Chairman and his party which included Seth Ismailbhai Karim Panju, Seth Hashambhai Sachedina, Seth Fazalbhai Bandali, and Seth Ramji Mawjibhai arrived by car from Mandvi at the Jamat center and were received by elders of the Jamaat at the gate.
The Conference session commenced on the 7th November at 3.00 p.m. in the Imambara Kushade Hall donated by Seth Dawoodbhai Haji Nasser Mawji in memory of his late father. The opening session was well attended and the hall was filled with the visitors.
The following represented their respective Jamaats:
Kera: Alidinabhai Moledinabhai, Husseinalibhai Somji, Mamad Dhala, Jaffer Lakhamshi, Ismailbhai Rahim, Hashambhai Jeraj, Abdullabhai Saki Ladha, Ladhubhau Bandali, and Haji Kassambhai Nanji.
Bharapur: Meghjibhai Pradhan
Bhuj: Shahabuddinbhai Alidina, Ahmadbhai Hasham, Ladhabhai Nanji, Abdullabhai Dhala, Salehmohamadbhai Kassam, and Hassanali Ladha Suleman.
Bhadil: Moledinabhai Fazal and Sulemanbhai Jeraj.
Sinugara: Sulemanbhai Hirji.
Nagalpur: Bandalibhai Karim, Kassamali Hirji and Mamadbhai Ladak.
Lakdia: Bachubhai Ladha.
Mandvi: Fajalbhai Jaffer, Jafferbhai Bhanji, Alimohamed Jaffer Khaku, and Husseinbhai Mamd Nanji.
Jarpara: Muljibhai Jagsi, and Mawjibhai Hirji.
Kapaiya: Alidinabhai Haji Remtulla, Ahmedbhai Bhanji, and Fazalbhai Haji Bandali Ramji.
Lakhapur: Hirjibhai Jaffer, and Mamadbhai Bhimji. (Represented by Janmohamed Bhanji).
Samagoga: Mamadbhai Jaffer Visram, and Moledinabhai Rattansi.
Mundra: Dawoodbhai Haji Nasser, Ismailbhai Abdulkarim Panju, Ladhabhai Valli, Janmohamedbhai Premji, Haji Ladhabhai Valli, Haji Janmohamedbhai Premji, Haji Remtullabhai Haji Hameer, Haji Ahmedbhai Khatau, Musabhai Jaffer, Bandalibhai Kassam, Hajibhai Valli. Janmohamedbhai Muman, Gulamhusseinbhai Ismail Kalyan, Gulamhuseinbhai Mamad, Remtullabhai Moledina, Mamadbhai Teja, Sheralibhai Ahmed, and Abdulhusseinbhai Haji Alidina.
Guests from Mumbai: Mawjibhai Virji, Hashambhai Sachedina, Fazalbhai Bandali Ramji, and Raza-ali Dawood Haji Nasser Mawji.
On behalf of Seth Ladhabhai Valli, Conference Reception Committee Chairman, Seth Musabhai Jaffer welcomed the delegates and the guests and drew attention of the Conference of the need of the unity of the community. To achieve economic, social and religious upliftment of the community, he emphasized the need of social and religious reforms and education. To fecilitate education of the students there were community boarding houses in Jamnagar, Mahuva and Rajula, but there was none in Kutch. He therefore appealed to the community to pool its resources to build one.
Seth Dawood Haji Nasser Mawji presided the Conference proposed by Musa Jaffer on behalf of the Chairman of the Conference Committee. The motion was seconded by Seth Bandali Kassam (Mundra) and Seth Hashambhai Jeraj (Kera). In his opening address Seth Dawood Haji Nasser Mawji reemphasized the need to address the question of the education in the community which is prerequisite if the community is to stand in line with other communities.
The opinions of the delegates differed as to this Conference or such conference should be regular feature of the community or should it be a feature only when circumstances dictated. Finally it was resolved that the Conference should be a permanent feature of the community. Also it was resolved to establish a boarding house in Mundra, Kutch. Nagalpur Jamaat offered to channel Rs. 10,000 or the orphanage funds to the boarding house project.
The Conference passed the following resolutions: o1 The Conference shall be known as The Kutch Khoja Shia Ithna-Asheri Conference. 02 The objective of the Conference shall be to promote unity, economic, religious and social reforms in the community. 03 The Conference shall not entertain any resolution contrary to Sharaa. 04 The Conference shall not participate in any political activity. 05 The Conference shall meet annually. 06 The Chairman will be elected at the Conference by majority of votes. 07-14 Resolutions covered constitution and procedural clauses, and a District Committee comprising 14 members not reprinted here. 15-25 The resolution dealt with procedures and constitutional clauses.
Addressing social reforms the Conference passed ten more resolutions aiming to regulate the reet-rivaaj (traditions and ceremonies) of marriages.
Conference expressed its commitment to the religious education of the community. Seth Dawoodbhai Haji Nasser Mawji offered to meet all expenses for the year and Seth Fazal Bandali Ramji volunteered to pay for the second year. Seth Musabhai Jaffer who was also a Mulla offered services without any remuneration.
Soon after the Conference, the economic and political dynamics took over its toll on the initiative. The Great World Depression showed it fangs causing a multitude of hardships in every corner of the world. India was no exception. Under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi nationalism enveloped the Indian masses. Mumbai and Delhi were the centers of national politics. Community leaders like Seth Dawoodbhai Haji Nasser Mawji, Hassanali P. Ebrahim and Hussein Lalji were sucked into politics. The depression led to World War Two. The community activities were in the doldrums during the war years. At the end of the war, the Indian fight for the independence was at its zenith and it left no scope for other activities. Soon after on the eve of August 14, 1947 Pakistan came into existence and India achieved independence the next day. These were pressing and trying times. Large numbers of Khoja Shia Ithna-Asheries opted to migrate to Pakistan. In these flurry of activities spanning a period of ten years the Kutch Conference went into oblivion. Today there is a boarding house in Kutch which found its birth in the said Conference.
The firm of Dawood Haji Nasser & Co., which had substantial export and import activities with Japan suffered a major blow after Japan bombarded Pearl Harbor and entered the Great War. Adding to this Mahatma Gandhi had mobilized the masses to wear only Swadeshi textiles, and consumption of imported textiles dropped drastically. Export to Japan was illegal and impossible. Haji Dawood was concentrating all his talents in consolidating his far flung business in this changing times and he had little time left to devote to other affairs. It goes to the credit of Haji Dawoodbhai inspite of changing times and fortunes his devotion and interest in the community remain undaunted.
Soon after the War the dream of a Federation fermented in overseas soil and Africa Federation was born on 10th October 1945. For all that is said and done, no effort gets lost. It only rests to find a new fertile soil to germinate in and bear fruit.
Ilahi, Behaqqe Aimma-e-Huda (Guided Ones)
Unhe Baqshde Jo Kar gaye Hae Qadha (died).
Rememberence of Fateha or whatever fashion or form of remembrance you do for those who have stepped out of this finite to the infinite world is requested.
Submitted by (Full Name): Ukerabhai Kassamali Gulamhussein Peera Ukera Nanji Karimani Jessani Arath Lila
Zanzibari nickname: Miwani or Miwani Mdogo
4615 Willowbend Court Chino Hills, CA 91709
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